There have been simmering student protests across Germany since last June or so, but they were rather mild compared to the historic events of 1968. Mainly ignited by the measures surrounding the Bologna process and the introduction of new, more streamlined degree courses, the protests cover a range of other criticisms of the education system, such that even the politicians of the ruling parties can find something to express sympathy with (while blaming the other parties).
I've tried to make some sense of events in a news feature out this week in Current Biology:
Current Biology, Volume 20, Issue 2, R39-R40, 26 January 2010
summary and restricted access to PDF file